Author Archives: Mary Turck

About Mary Turck

News Day, written by Mary Turck, analyzes, summarizes, links to, and comments on reports from news media around the world, with particular attention to immigration, education, and journalism. Fragments, also written by Mary Turck, has fiction, poetry and some creative non-fiction. Mary Turck edited TC Daily Planet, www.tcdailyplanet.net, from 2007-2014, and edited the award-winning Connection to the Americas and AMERICAS.ORG, in its pre-2008 version. She is also a recovering attorney and the author of many books for young people (and a few for adults), mostly focusing on historical and social issues.

Reclaiming the Dream

Martin Luther King Day

I find it hard to read about Martin Luther King, Jr. on his day, much less to write about him. My heart is too full, still, of memories of him, and of the years of struggle following his assassination. This year, though, it seems especially important to reflect and to reclaim the dream of an America-that-could-be, a dream he preached so clearly, a dream still so far from realization in our America-that-is. I read three reflections that moved and inspired me today, and want to share them with you.

The first comes from Heather Cox Richardson, a history professor at Boston College who writes a daily blog called Letters from an American. She writes about heroes, and quotes a passage from the speech Dr. King gave on the night before he was assassinated, which seems especially appropriate today:

“Dr. King told the audience that, if God had let him choose any era in which to live, he would have chosen the one in which he had landed. ‘Now that’s a strange statement to make,’ King went on, ‘because the world is all messed up. The nation is sick. Trouble is in the land. Confusion all around…. But I know, somehow, that only when it is dark enough, can you see the stars.’ Dr. King said that he felt blessed to live in an era when people had finally woken up and were working together for freedom and economic justice….

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Sorting News From Nonsense

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Joe Friday – Just the facts, ma’am

Did Poland ban mosques? Did Obama release Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi from custody in 2004? Did 55 percent of conservative Christians tell pollsters they would disown children who were homo sapiens? Did the KKK march behind a Trump-Pence banner? Did  Pelosi use $15,000 worth of pens to sign the impeachment document?

No. No. No. No. No.

Every single one of these “news” items is completely false—like hundreds, maybe thousands, of others circulating wildly on social media.

Some of these lies are aimed at outraging progressive/left-leaning people, and some target the concerns of conservative/right-leaning folks. What they have in common is the damage they do, both by worsening divisions and distrust between us and by undermining belief in our news media and our democratic institutions. Continue reading

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Twitter as Foreign Policy

Screen Shot 2020-01-05 at 11.07.41 PM.pngLast night was bad enough, with Trump tweeting threats of bombing Iranian cultural sites. Iran has 24 cultural sites listed as world cultural heritage sites. Today is even worse. Continue reading

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Assassinations: Sarajevo to Baghdad

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Assassinating a foreign government official is an act of war. That’s what we just did in Baghdad. In 1914, the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo sparked World War I. Now the only thing that can prevent the assassination of General Qassem Soleimani in Baghdad from sparking war is Iran’s restraint. Irony, any one?

Declaration of War

The Constitution says only Congress can declare war. Article I, Section 8 enumerates many powers reserved to Congress including the power “To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water…” Despite that clear reservation of war powers to Congress, presidents have waged undeclared wars, including the “police action” in Korea and the war in Vietnam.

The undeclared war in Vietnam lasted for more than a decade and cost more than three million Vietnamese lives, two-thirds of whom were civilians, as well as the lives of some 57,000+ U.S. soldiers. After the secret U.S. bombing of Cambodia was revealed, Congress passed the War Powers Resolution to place explicit limits on presidential war-mongering. Then-president Richard Nixon vetoed the War Powers Resolution. Congress overrode that veto, re-passing the War Powers Resolution with a two-thirds majority.

Trump’s order for the assassination of a foreign government official—Iranian Major General Qassem Soleimani —is the latest in a parade of illegal presidential acts of war. As Oren Hathaway, professor of international law at Yale, wrote:

“Any significant military action requires legal authority under both domestic and international law. Normally, domestic law would require the president to seek the approval of Congress, usually through a law authorizing the use of military force (after all, the Constitution gives Congress, not the president, the power to “declare war”). International law would also require him to seek the approval of the United Nations Security Council before resorting to force, unless the host state consents (which it did not) or the action qualifies for the express, but narrow, self-defense exception. Trump did not seek approval in either forum.”

The president may, under the Constitution, defend the nation against imminent attacks. The administration has presented absolutely no evidence of such a threat from Soleimani.

Assassination Forbidden by U.S. Law

Not only is assassination of a foreign leader an act of war, it is an act forbidden by U.S. law. Jeremy Scahill summarizes the succession of executive orders forbidding assassination:

“In 1976, following Church Committee recommendations regarding allegations of assassination plots carried out by U.S. intelligence agencies, Ford signed an executive order banning ‘political assassination.’ Jimmy Carter subsequently issued a new order strengthening the prohibition by dropping the word “political” and extending it to include persons ’employed by or acting on behalf of the United States.’ In 1981, Ronald Reagan signed Executive Order 12333, which remains in effect today. The language seems clear enough: ‘No person employed by or acting on behalf of the United States Government shall engage in, or conspire to engage in, assassination.’”

Trump is not the first president to flout the limits set by the War Powers Resolution. President George H.W. Bush may have been authorized to conduct war on Iraq by the October 16, 2002, joint resolution authorizing the use of U.S. armed forces against Iraq (House Joint Resolution 114), but Presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama all conducted extensive military operations in foreign countries without declarations of war. Congress repeatedly refused to exert its authority under the War Powers Resolution or to rein in military operations. We remain at war, a war undeclared and unauthorized and unending, escalating daily in multiple countries around the world.

Assassination is prohibited by U.S. law. Still our presidents do it. “Targeted drone strikes” are assassinations, whether carried out by Bush or by Obama or by Trump.

And so we have come to the present moment. The assassination of an Iranian general is an act of war. The bomb strike at a Baghdad airport is a violation of Iraqi sovereignty. The president has ordered thousands of U.S. troops to the Middle East. He threatens, via Twitter, to strike

“52 Iranian sites (representing the 52 American hostages taken by Iran many years ago), some at a very high level & important to Iran & the Iranian culture, and those targets, and Iran itself, WILL BE HIT VERY FAST AND VERY HARD. The USA wants no more threats!”

It is time to call the president to account. Some in Congress are trying to do so:

“Senator Tim Kaine, Democrat of Virginia, introduced a resolution on Friday invoking the War Powers Act that would a force a debate and vote in Congress to prevent further escalation of hostilities with Iran.

“Representative Ro Khanna, Democrat of California, and Senator Bernie Sanders, independent of Vermont, said in a statement that they would resurrect legislation to prohibit any funding for offensive military force in or against Iran without prior congressional authorization.”

In 2007, Lawrence Ferlinghetti wrote “Pity the Nation,” which includes these lines:

Pity the nation that raises not its voice
          Except  to praise conquerers
       And acclaim the bully as hero
          And aims to rule the world
              By force and by torture

Our task is to change the nation. In whatever ways we can, we must speak and act to stop the travesty that continues to escalate into every-widening, ever more deadly war.

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2019: Year of the Turkey

IMG_5398.jpeg2019 was a good year for turkeys. Actual wild turkeys, living in our neighborhood’s small patch of prairie, strutting our streets, grazing on our commons. (And occasionally, as above, raiding a neighbor’s bird feeder.)

I love wild turkeys. Near extinction fifty years ago, they have roared back with a vengeance. Sometimes a literal vengeance, attacking cars and people. I don’t actually approve of that, but I understand the sentiment. Continue reading

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Let Them Eat Cake

SNAP

The Trump administration is cutting food stamps—now formally known as Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). They couldn’t get Congress to do it, so they are going the executive route, with three new regulations that will take food stamps away from more than three million people, and cut the benefits of many who remain eligible. Continue reading

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Thinking About Veterans

 

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This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

U.S. Marine Corps veteran Phil Klay’s essay in the New York Times comes right on time for Veterans’ Day. His profiles of two Iraqi translators who served with the Marines show the way that the United States is leaving behind people who put their lives and families at risk in the service of this country. He challenges all of us to remember and fight for the values that bring us together, and to reject the racism that tears this country apart.  Continue reading

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Today: St. Paul Elections and Water News

St. Paul elections are coming up on Tuesday. In an off-off-year election like this one, turnout is usually low, making every vote count even more. The entire city council and four school board seats are on the ballot, as well as the all-important trash collection question. Continue reading

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Blueprint for Smart Justice

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Photo by Michael Coghlan, licensed under Creative Commons

The ACLU just published a 50-state Blueprint for Smart Justice, with state-specific recommendations for reducing state prison populations by at least half. It’s time and past time—Minnesota’s prison population grew by a stunning 51 percent from 2000 to 2016. Prisons were already over-full in 2000. The total growth in state imprisonment quintupled between 1980 and 2016. That’s five times as many people in Minnesota prisons in 2016, compared to 1980. Continue reading

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eagle

I saw an eagle on Sunday, high above the Mississippi in St. Paul, swooping and soaring over the river under a bright blue sky.

When I was in junior high school, back in the early 1960s, bald eagles were an endangered species. Growing up on a farm near Litchfield, I saw kingfishers and orioles, mourning doves and meadowlarks, but never a bald eagle. Back then, only 487 nesting pairs of bald eagles still lived in the lower 48 states. They were on the path to extinction, my teachers told us, like passenger pigeons, which were extinct before I was born….

Today, eagles soar over rivers and highways and cornfields. They, like wild turkeys and timber wolves, are success stories of conservation efforts like the Endangered Species Act, first passed back in 1966 as my teachers told us about the coming extinction of eagles….

This article published in MinnPost, 8/27/2019. Click here to read entire article. 

[Photo credit: Mathew Schwartz on Unsplash]

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August 29, 2019 · 11:20 am